Misnawati Misnawati, Budi Eko Pranoto


Obsession for perfection is common behavior that may be suffered by people. Those who are so obsessed with something are easily sacrifice anything to chase the perfection that has already been created in their minds. It is possible that they will perhap harm themselves. Therefore, this research aimed to analyze the obsession for perfection in The Aviator movie 2012 by Martin Scorsese by using Psychoanalytic theory. This research applied an in-depth qualitative narrative analysis method which examines the story elements from dialogue and picture collected in the form of screen-capture of the relevant scene. This research used psychoanalytic theory as the approach and divided the analysis into two sub discussions; they are the reflection of obsession for perfection and the effects of obsession for perfection. Based on the analysis, the data supports the findings that Howard suffers some conditions which includes Target Oriented; where people with ambitions like this have all-or-nothing thinking. The second finding is Highly Dependent on Result; it shows that Howard put his self-esteem depends on what is accomplished and how others respond to what he would achieve. Keywords: The Aviator movie, Obsession, Obsession for Perfection, Psychoanalytic theory 
Amelia, D. & Daud, J. (2020). Freudian Tripartile on Detective Fiction: The Tokyo Zodiac Murders. Language Literacy: Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching, 4(2), 299-305.Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1992). Qualitative Research for Education. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Butler, J. (1999). Gender Trouble Feminism and Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge.Cabrera, S. F., Sauer, S. J., & Thomas-Hunt, M. C. (2009). The evolving manager stereotype: The effects of industry gender typing on performance expectations for leaders and their teams. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33(4), 419–428.Cai, Mingshui (1992). Multicultural Literature for Children and Young Adults. Multicultural Literature for Children and Young Adults, Reflections on Critical Issues, Greenwood Press. Pdf.Casad, B.J. & Wexler, B.R. (2017). Gender Roles. In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender. (Ed.) Kevin L. Nadal.Casad, BJ and Bryant, WJ (2016) Addressing Stereotype Threat is Critical to Diversity and Inclusion in Organizational Psychology. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(8), 1-18. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00008Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches (Second). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.Dahl, Roald (1954). Lamb to the Slaughter., N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). (2005). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (Third Edit). California: Sage Publications, Inc.Eagly, A. H., Karau, S. J., & Makhijani, M. G. (1995). Gender and the effectiveness of leaders: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 125-145. doi:10.1037/0033- 2909.117.1.125Fithratullah, M. (2021). Representation of Korean Values Sustainability in American Remake Movie. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 19(1), 60-73.Gulö, I., & Rahmawelly. (2018). An Analysis of Omission in Students’ English Writings. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 16(2), 55-59.Kasih, E. N. E. W., Amelia, D., and Fithtratullah. M. (2021). Unraveling Students’ Attitude of Using Blog for Online Learning in Literature Class. Universitas Riau International Conference on Education Technology (URICET), pp. 419-424, doi: 10.1109/URICET53378.2021.9865946.Kasih, E. N. (2018). Redefining Hybridity of Chicano Literature in Jimenez’s Fictions. International Journal of Diaspora & Cultural Criticism, 8(2), 294-319.Kasih, E.N., & Strid, J.E. (2020). Reconstructing the Border: Social Integration in Reyna Grande’s The Distance Between Us. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 14(9), 702-715.Khandelwal, P. (2002). Gender stereotypes at work: implications for organizations. Indian Journal of Training and Development, 32(2), 72–83.Kuswoyo, H. (2016). Thematic Structure in Barack Obama’s Press Conference: A Systemic Functional Grammar Study. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 7(2), 257-267., L. M. and Lachman, M. E. (2000) Cognitive Performance and the Role of Control Beliefs in Midlife. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7(2), 69-85.Milyavsky M, Kruglanski AW, Chernikova M, Schori-Eyal N. (2017). Evidence for arrogance: On the relative importance of expertise, outcome, and manner. PLoS ONE, 12(7), 1-31. https://, A. and Sari, M.S. (2018). Characteristics of Classroom Interaction of English Language Teachers in Indonesia and Malay. International Journal of Language Education, 2(1), 40-50.Sriastuti, A., Adi, R.A., Rokhman, M.A. (2021). Capitalism and Socialism As Ideological Constructions In American Dystopian Novels. Rubicon, 8(2), 91-105Tabassum, N. and Nayak, S. (2021). Gender Stereotypes and Their Impact on Women’s Career Progressions from a Managerial Perspective. IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review 10(2) 192–208.

Full Text:



Abramowitz, Jonathan S. & Houts, Arthur C. (2005). Concepts and Controversies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. USA: Springer

Afrianto et al. 2014. Transitivity Analysis on Shakespeare's Sonnets. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR- JHSS), Vol 19(1), 78-85.

Afrianto (2018) Poem from Linguistic Point of View. Linguistics, Literature, & Language Teaching Series: An Overview of Current Issues in Literature, Linguistics, and Language Teaching. Universitas Teknokrat Indonesia

Amelia, D. (2021). Antigone's Phallus Envy and Its Comparison to Indonesian Dramas' Characters: A Freudian Perspective Vivid: Journal of Language and Literature, 10(1), 23-30.

Aryangga, Afri & Nurmaily. (2017). Women's power and stereotype denial in Pocahontas Movie. Teknosastik Journal Bahasa dan Sastra 15(1), 46-58. Asia, Janitra & Samanik. (2018). Dissociative identity disorder reflected in Frederick Clegg's character in The Collectors novel.

English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLIC) Proceedings. Vol, 2, 424-431.

Bemado, Karen (2015). Types of Characters in Fiction Brown, Robert, Poncelet, Evan & Borgeson, Karlye. (2014). Public Quarantine: The Adaptive Functions of Obsessive-

Compulsive Disorder as Shown The Aviator. ResearchGate Retrieved from ResearchGate Nate/publication/269929744

Chosak, Anne. (2012). The Aviator: A real-life portrayal of OCD in the media. Center for OCD & Related Disorders. Retrieved from

Crocker, R. A. (2009). An introduction to qualitative research. Qualitative research in applied linguistics: A practical Introduction (pp. 3-24). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Dintasi, Febri Diantika & Amelia, Dina. (2017). Ephebophilia Suffered by The Main Character in The Novel Lolita by Nabokov. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(2), 81-86.

EWK, E N. (2018). Redefining Hybridity of Chicano Literature in Jimenez's Fictions. International Journal of Diaspora & Cultural Criticism, 8, 293-319

Fithratullah, M. (2021). Representation of Korean values sustainability in American remake movies. Teknosastik, 19(1), 60- - 73.

Istiani, R., & Puspita, Dian (2020). Interactional Metadiscourse Markers as Persuasive Strategies in Oral Business Presentation. Lingua Cultura, 13(4), 297-304.

Kardiansyah, M. Y. (nd). (2016). The index of hero's power and nobility in Shakespearean tragedy drama: A semiotic study. Teknosastik Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 14(2).

Kiranamita, Shabrina & Samanik (2021). The portrayal of malignant narcicism in the Villain characters of Disney movies. Linguistics and Literature Journal. 2(1), 33-40.

Kuswoyo, Heri (2016). Thematic Structure in Barack Obama's Press Conference: A Systemic Functional Grammar Study. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, Vol 7(2), 257-267.

Litosseliti, L. (2010). Research Methods in Linguistics. Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd 228pp. ISBN 978-0-8264-8993-7

Mandasan, B., & Aminatun, D. (2019). Vlog: A Tool to Improve Students’ English-Speaking Ability at University Level. Proceeding of the 3rd Indonesian International Conference on Linguistics, Language Teaching, Literature and Culture, 245-254.

Milton, Jane. Polmear, Caroline. Fabricius, Julia (2004) A Short Introduction to Psychoanalysis. London: Sage Publications Newburg, Kristi Tacket. (November 16, 2019). Obsessed with Perfection: How to Overcome Toxic Perfectionism in a Highly Competitive World. Psych Central Retrieved from with-perfection-how-to-overcome-toxic-perfectionism-in-a-highly-competitive-world

Pranoto, B. E., & Suprayogi. (2020). Insights from Students’ Perspective of 9GAG Humorous Memes Used in EFL Classroom

Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 546, 72-76.

Pranoto, B. E., & Yuwono, U. (2019). Leader’s attitude towards terrorism: A critical discourse analysis of Dr. Mahathir Mohamad’s diplomatic letters. Cultural Dynamics in a Globalized World, December, 65-73.

Rachman, S. (1981). Part I Unwanted Intrusive Cognition. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy. 3(03):89-99

Rido et al. (2020). Interaction Management Strategies in English Literature Lectures in Indonesian University Setting Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, Vol. 5 No. 2, 315-337.

Ryback, Ralph M.D. (2016). Perfectionism Versus Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Psychology Today. Retrieved from compulsive disorder

Ryckman M. Richard. (2008). Theories of Personality Ninth Edition. United States of America: Thomson Wadsworth.

Rido, Akhyar. (2015). The Use of Discourse Markers as an Interactive Feature in Science Lecture Discourse in L2 Setting TEFFLIN, 90.

Salkovskis, M. Paul. (1985). Obsessional-Compulsive Problems: A Cognitive-Behavioral Analysis. Behav. Res. Ther, Vol 23(5), 571-583.

Samanik. (2018). Teaching English Using Poetry: An Alternative to Implement Contextual Teaching and Learning, Journal of ELT Research, Vol 3(1), 21-28.

Sari, K, and B.E. Pranoto (2021). Representation of Government Concerning the Draft of Criminal Code in The Jakarta Post: A Critical Discourse Analysis. PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education, vol 11 (2), 98-113.

Schwarts, Mel (2008). The Problem with Perfection Psychology Today Retrieved from

Setri, Teta Irama & Setiawan, Dwi Budi (2020). Matriarchal Society in The Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd. Linguistics and Literature Journal, 1(1), 28-33.

Srikandi, Cut Novita. (2018). The Inner Conflict of the Main Character in The Aviator (2004) Using Sigmund Freud Perspective. Journal of English Language and Literature (JELL). 2(01):49-54

million people worldwide live with depression. (2021). Anxiety & Depression Association of America. Accessed 18 May 2022, retrieved from

Yunara, Yurisa Yuli & Kardiansyah, M. Yuseano. (2017). Animus personality in Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire: A Game of Thrones. Teknosastik Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra. 15(1), 7-13.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Linguistics and Literature Journal
Published by Universitas Teknokrat Indonesia
Organized by Faculty of Arts and Education
Jl. Zainal Abidin Pagaralam, No.9-11, Labuhanratu, Bandarlampung, Indonesia
Telepon : 0721 70 20 22
W :