Students’ Motivation in English Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic at SMA Muhammadiyah Gadingrejo

Ayu Fiddiyasari, Reza Pustika


To make students still have a learning process while covid-19 outbreak, the Minister of Education and Culture, Nadiem Anwar Makarim, decided that the teaching and learning process should be conducted online rather than face-to-face. The minister of Education and Culture issued Circular Number 4 of 2020 concerning the Implementation of Education in the Emergency Coronavirus (Covid-19). One example of media to teach the online class is Whatsapp Group. This media is implemented in SMA Muhamamdiyah Gadingrejo as an application to teach English online learning. Therefore, in implementing the WhatsApp Group as media to teach online classes, the teacher should be aware of students’ motivation in joining online learning. In this study, the researcher applied descriptive qualitative to investigate the students’ motivation in English online learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The instruments used were a questionnaire and an interview. The total participants of this research were 37 tenth-grade students at SMA Muhamamdiyah Gadingrejo. The questionnaire result shows that total means score of extrinsic motivation is higher than instrumental, integrative, and intrinsic motivation. However, the results from the interview show that most students have instrumental motivation. Ultimately, tenth-grade students at SMA Muhammadiyah Gadingrejo have instrumental and extrinsic motivation in joining English online learning in pandemic.

Full Text:



Achmadi, A. and Narbuko, C. (1997). Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: Bumi aksara.

Aminatun, D. (2019). ICT in University: How Lecturers Embrace Technology for Teaching. JURNAL SMART, 5(2), 71-80.

Ayu, M. (2020). Online learning: Leading e-learning at higher education. The Journal of English Literacy and Education,

(1), 47-54.

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of language Learning and Teaching (5th ed.). White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.

Deci, E. L and Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum.

Dornyei, Z. (2005). The Psychology of the Language Learner: Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dornyei, Z. (1994). “Motivation and Motivating in the Foreign Language Classroom”. Modern Language Journal, 78(3), 273- 284.

Gardner, R. C., and Lambert, W. E. (1972). Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Mandasari, B., & Wahyudin, A. Y. (2021). Flipped Classroom Learning Model: Implementation and Its Impact on EFL Learners’ Satisfaction on Grammar Class. Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 8(1), 150-

Pustika, R. (2021). A Conversational Analysis Encountered By English Young Learners: A Pedagogical Experience. Indonesian EFL Journal (IEFLJ), 7(1).

Pustika, R. (2020). Future English Teachers’ Perspective towards the Implementation of E-Learning in Covid-19 Pandemic

Era. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 5(3), 383-391.

Pustika, R., and Wiedarti, P. (2019). The Implementation of Reading Instruction in the EFL Classroom. English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal, 5(1).

Ryan, R.M. and Deci E. L. (2000). “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions”. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 25, 54–67.

Ryan, R. M. and Stiller, J. (1991). The social contexts of Internalization: Parent and Teacher Inflfluences on Autonomy, Motivation and Learning. In P. R. Pintrich & M. L. Maehr (Eds.) Advances in Motivation and Achievement (Vol. 7, pp. 115–149). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Sari, F. M. (2020). Exploring English Learners’ Engagement and Their Roles in the Online Language Course. Journal of

English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 5(3), 349-361.

Shank, G. (2002). Qualitative Research. A Personal Skills Approach. New Jersey: Merril Prentice Hall.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

The articles published in Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License

Copyright © 2020 Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning
English Education Study Program, Faculty of Arts and Education.
Universitas Teknokrat Indonesia

All rights reserved.