Black Skin White Mask: Hybrid Identity of the Main Character as Depicted in Tagore's The Home and The World

Yanggi Mertania, Dina Amelia


This research paper describes the analysis of a literary work entitled The Home and The World by Rabindranath Tagore. This novel illustrates Tagore’s inner battle about his ideas on the Western culture and on the revolution against Western culture when India was colonized by the British. These ideas portrayed in one of the main characters, Nikhil. Tagore represents himself as Nikhil, the hybrid, who is positioned between British and Indian cultures. The main purpose of this research is to describe the hybrid identity of Nikhil as one of the main characters in the novel within the context of colonized society and the Swadeshi movement. This research applied the post-colonial approach and hybrid identity theory by Homi. K. Bhabha and also applied the descriptive qualitative method to depict the problem by using the words. Library research was applied in the context of the data collecting process. The data are dialogues and narrations about the hybrid identity of Nikhil in The Home and The World novel. Based on the research conducted, it was concluded that the impact of British colonialism led to the formation of a hybrid identity process in Indian society. First, there was a hybrid identity of Nikhil as a part of the colonized society in education, lifestyle, culture, and social aspects. The second was the hybrid identity of Nikhil in the Swadeshi movement.

Keywords: Black skin white mask, colonialism, hybrid identity, post-colonial, rabindranath tagore, swadeshi movement, the home, and the world.

Full Text:



Alitiyani, Edita Rina. (2012). Hybrid Identity and Cultural Clash as Reflected in Chinese-American Mothers and Daughters in Amy Tan’s The Joy Luck Club. Yogyakarta: UNY.

Amelia, Dina. (2016). Indonesian literature’s position in world literature. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 14(2), 1-5.

Aryangga, Afri & Nurmaily, Ely. (2017). Women’s power and stereotype denial in Pocahontas movie. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(1), 46-58.

Ashcroft et al. (2007). The Post-colonial Studies The Key Concepts, Second Edition. New York: Routledge.

Bhabha, Homi K. (2012). The Location of Culture. London: Routledge.

Basham, A. L. (1975). A Cultural History of India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Forbes, Geraldine. (1996). The New Cambridge History of India IV.2: Women in Modern India. Cambridge Histories online: Cambridge University Press.

Kardiansyah, M. Yuseano. (2016). The index of hero’s power and nobility in Shakespearean tragedy drama: A semiotic study. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 14(2), 1-17.

Kistnadreddy. (2010). Hybridity in The Novels of Ananda Devi. The University of Nottingham.

Meredith, Paul. (1998). Hybridity in the 3rd Space: Re-thinking Bi-Cultural Politics in Aotearoa/New Zealand. The University of Waikato.

Lianasari, Fita & Samanik. (2016). Antimatter technology: The bridge between science and religion toward universe creation theory illustrated in Dan Brown’s Angels and Demons. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 14(2), 18-27.

Lina, Desma & Setiawan, Dwi Budi. (2017). An analysis of culture shock from west to east as seen in Reilly’s The Tournament. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(1), 14-20.

Loomba, Ania. (2002). Colonialism/Post-colonialism. London: Routledge.

Lois, Tyson. (2006). Critical Theory Today: A User-Friendly Guide. New York: Routledge.

Sayegh, Pascal-Yan. (2008). Cultural Hybridity and Modern Binaries: Overcoming the Opposition Between Identity and Otherness? Halshs-00610753.

Tagore, Rabindranath. (2011). The Home and The World. Publishing.

Voicu, Cristina-Georgiana. (2011). Crossing borders of hybridity beyond marginality and identity. The University of Bucharest Review, 1(1), 171-193.

Woro Kasih, E. Ngestirosa. (2018). Redefining hybridity of Chicano literature in Jimenez’s fictions. International Journal of Diaspora & Cultural Criticism, 8(2), 294-319.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Linguistics and Literature Journal
Published by Universitas Teknokrat Indonesia
Organized by Faculty of Arts and Education
Jl. Zainal Abidin Pagaralam, No.9-11, Labuhanratu, Bandarlampung, Indonesia
Telepon : 0721 70 20 22
W :